The Dead Sea, with its’ highly hypersaline habitat, is one of the most inhospitable environments on Earth for supporting life. Yet a few hardy life forms manage to survive there. One of these is the fungus Eurotium rubrum (Eurotiomycetes). Better understanding of this species could not only advance our understanding of how organisms evolve to adapt to high-stress conditions but also help to improve crop salt tolerance. This cause has been advanced by the results of a paper on adaptive strategies of E. rubrum based on analysis of the organism’s genome and the RNA transcripts that arise from the genes (the transcriptome) to allow proteins to be coded.