Health News

Tuesday, April 1, 2014 - 09:03

Researchers from Imperial College London and the Hertie Institute, University of Tuebingen have identified a possible mechanism for re-growing damaged nerve fibres in the central nervous system (CNS). This damage is currently irreparable, often leaving those who suffer spinal cord injury, stroke or brain trauma with serious impairments like loss of sensation and permanent paralysis.

 

Monday, March 31, 2014 - 13:41

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have discovered that a substance called Vacquinol-1 makes cells from glioblastoma, the most aggressive type of brain tumor, literally explode. When mice were given the substance, which can be given in tablet form, tumor growth was reversed and survival was prolonged. The findings are published in the journal Cell.

 

Monday, March 31, 2014 - 09:12

New research indicates that obesity in the general population may be genetically linked to how our bodies digest carbohydrates. Published in the journal Nature Genetics, the study investigated the relationship between body weight and a gene called AMY1, which is responsible for an enzyme present in our saliva known as salivary amylase. This enzyme is the first to be encountered by food when it enters the mouth, and it begins the process of starch digestion that then continues in the gut.

 

Monday, March 31, 2014 - 09:04

The last decade has seen public smoking bans enacted in several European countries and North American states with demonstrated benefits for adult health. However, a new meta-analysis study suggests that such bans also have benefits for child health. Both premature births and hospital admissions for asthma have dropped following the introduction of these bans. The findings, from researchers in the University of Edinburgh, Maastricht University, Hasselt University, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital were published on March 28th in The Lancet.

 

Friday, March 28, 2014 - 11:32

In the large-scale international FANTOM5 project, researchers from around the world have created an atlas that shows which different genes that are used in virtually all cell types that humans are composed of. Five research groups from three different departments at Karolinska Institutet  have participated in the work, which was presented today with coordinated publications in several scientific journals, including Nature and Blood.

 

Friday, March 28, 2014 - 11:11

UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers are developing a new predictive tool that could help patients with breast cancer and certain lung cancers decide whether follow-up treatments are likely to help. Dr. Jerry Shay, Vice Chairman and Professor of Cell Biology at UT Southwestern, led a three-year study on the effects of irradiation in a lung cancer-susceptible mouse model. When his team looked at gene expression changes in the mice, then applied them to humans with early stage cancer, the results revealed a breakdown of which patients have a high or low chance of survival.