|The "third-hand smoke is responsible for high levels of nicotine have babies who share a room with parents who smoke. Photo: Nick Perla.|
"Passive smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in developed countries during childhood," he explains to SINC Guadalupe Ortega, author of the research and program coordinator Atencio Primary Sense Fum from the Department of Health of the Generalitat of Catalonia.
The data show that babies who sleep in the same room as their parents have nicotine levels three times higher than they do in another room. These data demonstrate that suffer the so-called "third-hand smoke", ie snuff noxious particles that permeate the skin, on clothing and hair of their parents.
BIBE called (for its acronym in English, Brief Intervention in Infants. Effectiveness) " The study shows exposure to smoke snuff in a very vulnerable age group in private spaces, where so far no specific programs, "said Ortega .
In the study, published in BMC Public Health analyzed the results of which are currently , involved 96 primary care centers in Catalonia. The experts surveyed parents of 1,123 babies (under 18 months), which had at least one parent who smoked. Analyzed hair samples from 252 babies to determine their levels of nicotine, and conducted follow-up visits three and six months.
Declared by the parents is largely consistent with results from hair analysis: 73% of adults said they allowed smoking or smoking at home, while 83% of hairs tested showed high levels of nicotine.
The false myth of ventilation
Research also shows, through the analysis of hair nicotine, that when parents make some standard to protect the health of their children, does not remove toxic snuff. The case to ventilate the room after smoking it in the window, when the baby is not at home or in a different room. "The only solution for maintaining a smoke-free is to smoke outside the house," says the expert.
The work also reflects the influence of parents varies by gender. As usually mothers typically spend more time with babies, those who are smokers are more exposed to their children to snuff. In addition, the length of breastfeeding was lower compared to that of nonsmokers.
Anti-Tobacco Act helps children
Children, the study said, are more exposed in private places such as home or car, as well as in bars and cafes, where smoking was permitted in 2009 (the time of the fieldwork).
"The expansion of the tobacco control law is important for the indirect effect that carries on the awareness of the general population," says the researcher. In his view, the application of standard queries have increased smoking cessation.
Experts are now working on developing a test to identify the variables that influence the exposure of minors. This information will provide a detection range pediatricians risk passive smoking in childhood.
Guadalupe Ortega, Cristina Castello, Carlos Martin-Cantera, Jose L Ballve, Estela Diaz, Marc Saez, Juan Lozano, Lourdes Rofes, Concepcio Morera, Antonia Barcelo, Carmen Cabezas, Jose A Pascual, Raul Perez-Ortuno, Esteve jumped, Araceli Valverde Mireia Jane and BIBE study group. "Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)." BMC Public Health . 10. December 20, 2010. Doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-772.