"We must not forget that we sleep through our lives in terms of how we learn to do small," said Gonzalo Pin SINC Groves, author of the study and physician at the Sleep Unit of Hospital Valencia Valencia Chiron. "So we need to emphasize health education."
The work, carried out in Valencia but extrapolated to the rest of Spain, focuses on the views of children themselves about their sleep quality and analyzed their distribution by age, sex and geographical origin. The sample (1,507 surveys) was obtained in proportion to the population of the three provinces and on the place of residence: urban or rural, and coastal or interior.
The findings, published in the journal Annals of Pediatrics , showed that between 76.1% and 91.2% of children considered to have a problem with sleep and that 53.9% of 12 to 15 years have nightmares more than once a week. In addition, one or none rested up once a week for 37.4% (6 to 8 years), 25.3% (9 to 11 years) and 31.8% (12 to 15 years) .
According to Gonzalo Pin says, "teachers say that 4.26% of the students fall asleep in class more than three times a week, proving that children have a diminished quality of sleep, they are aware of this." The findings, which coincide with statistics from other Western countries confirm that children have a chronic lack of sleep due to bad habits acquired.
"The most striking is that 15% of the sample does not have a regular schedule for going to sleep on school days, ie, that these very young children decide themselves when to go to bed. We live in a society that transmits 24 hours a youth is very important to sleep, when sleep has a lot of responsibility towards obesity or school failure, "says the researcher.
The authors present these data to the government to take measures they deem appropriate in relation to health education. "Society has changed and it is important to adapt these changes not to mention the education of the young. Action is necessary to improve education and convey the importance of sleep, "they conclude.
G. Pin Groves, M. Cubel Alarcon, G. Martin Gonzalez, A. Rosello, M. Lluch Salort Morell. "Habits and sleep problems from 6 to 14 in Valencia. Opinion own children. " Pediatric Annals 74 (2) :103-115, February 2011.