|Rice hulls could provide a new and healthful source of "liquid smoke" flavoring for foods.Credit: iStock|
Mendel Friedman, Seok Hyun Nam and colleagues explain that wood from trees is typically used to produce liquid smoke, added to meat and other foods for a smoky taste. But other types of plants can also be burned to make the popular seasoning. Rice is a prime candidate, with 680 millions tons produced worldwide each year. Hulls account for 136 million tons of that amount and often go to waste. The researchers wondered rice hulls could be put to good use in a liquid form as a food flavoring, and did the first studies needed to determine if rice hull smoke is safe enough for food use.
The scientists found that liquid smoke from rice hulls may be healthful. Their tests on laboratory cell cultures found that liquid rice hull smoke worked as an antioxidant that could help fight off diseases. It also helped prevent inflammation, which is associated with many different health problems did not trigger an allergic response. "New food uses of a major agricultural byproduct may benefit the environment, farmers, and consumers," the report stated. "However, it is necessary to demonstrate that rice hull smoke is safe. The present study was designed to contribute to this assessment."
The authors acknowledge funding from the Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea.
"Composition of Liquid Rice Hull Smoke and Anti-Inflammatory Effects in Mice"
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Source: American Chemical Society