Latest Science and Society News

There is a well-documented association between depression and type 2 diabetes that impacts on patients’ control of their diabetes. A new study from researchers in Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston and Yeshiva University and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, both in New York, suggests that specialised cognitive behavioural therapy for these patients significantly improves their diabetes management. This leads to reductions in bloodglucose levels, as well as improving their depression more quickly.

 

A new study suggests that action video games might improve literacy skills in those with dyslexia. Dyslexia, a developmental reading disorder, occurs when there is a problem in certain areas of the brain involved in interpreting language. Dyslexia is the most common learning disability, representing five to 10 percent of the population.

 

John Mayer, the University of New Hampshire psychologist and internationally recognized researcher who co-developed the groundbreaking theory of emotional intelligence, now introduces another paradigm-shifting idea: in order to become our best selves, we use an even broader intelligence—personal intelligence—to understand our own personality and the personalities of the people around us.

 

A new study of patients with bipolar disorder finds that 36 percent of those who were admitted to a Rhode Island psychiatric hospital  in 2010 were receiving “complex polypharmacy” — four or more psychotropic medications — from their community providers. The polypharmacy rate was significantly higher for women. Including prescriptions for other conditions the patients may have had, the average patient was on six medications.

 

Adolescents with high media use, reduced sleep and low physical activity comprise an 'invisible-risk' group that has high prevalence of psychiatric symptoms, according to a large international study led by researchers at Karolinska Institutet. The results of the study are published in the February issue of World Psychiatry.

 

According to a new study by researchers at the University of Montreal, nightmares have greater emotional impact than bad dreams do, and fear is not always a factor. In fact, it is mostly absent in bad dreams and in a third of nightmares. What is felt, instead, is sadness, confusion, guilt, disgust, etc. For their analysis of 253 nightmares and 431 bad dreams, researchers obtained the narratives of nearly 10,000 dreams. “Physical aggression is the most frequently reported theme in nightmares. Moreover, nightmares become so intense they will wake you up. Bad dreams, on the other hand, are especially haunted by interpersonal conflicts,” write Geneviève Robert and Antonio Zadra, psychology researchers at the Université de Montréal, in the last issue of Sleep.