Latest Science and Society News

The amount of physical activity undertaken by mothers has a direct association with the levels of physical activity of their pre-school children. However, in the UK mothers are falling far short of the recommended levels of physical activity, which therefore has consequences for the levels of activity of their children. These are the findings of a new study published in the journal Pediatrics on March 24th from researchers in the University of Cambridge, University College London and the University of Southampton.

 

Children of Vietnamese and Chinese immigrants to the USA attain levels of educational achievement that exceed those of both third generation black and white counterparts. This is despite that fact that the Vietnamese parents in particular lack high levels of formal education or marketable skills and hence socioeconomic advantages and non-economic middle class resources such as parental education. These are factors often associated with offspring’s educational achievement and economic success in adulthood.

 

Only one third of individuals identified as being at clinical high risk for psychosis actually convert to a psychotic disorder within a 3 year follow-up period. This risk assessment is based on the presence of sub-threshold psychotic-like symptoms.

 

Children and teenagers with an autism spectrum disorder or those who have attention deficit and hyperactivity problems are much more likely to wish to be another gender. So says John Strang of the Children’s National Medical Center in Washington, DC, USA, leader of the first study to compare the occurrence of such gender identity issues among children and adolescents with and without specific neurodevelopmental disorders. The paper is published in Springer’s journal Archives of Sexual Behavior.

 

Adolescents with antisocial personality disorder inflict serious physical and psychological harm on both themselves and others. However, little is yet known about the underlying neural processes. Researchers at the University of Leiden and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development have pinpointed a possible explanation: Their brain regions responsible for social information processing and impulse control are less developed.

 

It is often said that music is a universal language. However, a new report in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on March 6 finds that music doesn't speak to everyone. There are people who are perfectly able to experience pleasure in other ways who simply don't get music in the way the rest of us do.