Latest Science and Society News

While too much attention to images of actresses and models in the media may contribute to women developing poor body image, a recent study suggests that this may extend to women who spend a lot of time on Facebook making comparisons between themselves and their friends. The research is being carried out by Petya Eckler of the University of Strathclyde, Yusuf Kalyango Jr. of Ohio University and Ellen Paasch of the University of Iowa. The team will present their findings at the 64th Annual Conference of the International Communication Association in Seattle, WA (22nd-26th May 2014).

 

Persons with bipolar disorder, previously referred to as manic depressive illness, are more likely than others to possess superior leadership skills at an early age. The same is true for their siblings, and later in life siblings are overrepresented in professional leadership roles, especially in politics. This has been shown in a new doctoral thesis from Karolinska Institutet.

 

The amount of physical activity undertaken by mothers has a direct association with the levels of physical activity of their pre-school children. However, in the UK mothers are falling far short of the recommended levels of physical activity, which therefore has consequences for the levels of activity of their children. These are the findings of a new study published in the journal Pediatrics on March 24th from researchers in the University of Cambridge, University College London and the University of Southampton.

 

Children of Vietnamese and Chinese immigrants to the USA attain levels of educational achievement that exceed those of both third generation black and white counterparts. This is despite that fact that the Vietnamese parents in particular lack high levels of formal education or marketable skills and hence socioeconomic advantages and non-economic middle class resources such as parental education. These are factors often associated with offspring’s educational achievement and economic success in adulthood.

 

Only one third of individuals identified as being at clinical high risk for psychosis actually convert to a psychotic disorder within a 3 year follow-up period. This risk assessment is based on the presence of sub-threshold psychotic-like symptoms.

 

Children and teenagers with an autism spectrum disorder or those who have attention deficit and hyperactivity problems are much more likely to wish to be another gender. So says John Strang of the Children’s National Medical Center in Washington, DC, USA, leader of the first study to compare the occurrence of such gender identity issues among children and adolescents with and without specific neurodevelopmental disorders. The paper is published in Springer’s journal Archives of Sexual Behavior.