pregnancy

06/23/2014 - 19:40

Maternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants in pregnancy can increase the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes in offspring. This is the main message from research presented on June 22nd 2014 at the joint meeting of the International Society of Endocrinology and The Endocrine Society in Chicago. The study was carried out using treatment of a rat model with the SSRI fluoxetine (Prozac®) by researchers in McMaster University in Canada.

05/20/2014 - 09:55

Music can be soothing or stirring, it can make us dance or make us sad. Blood pressure, heartbeat, respiration and even body temperature – music affects the body in a variety of ways. It triggers especially powerful physical reactions in pregnant women. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig have discovered that pregnant women compared to their non-pregnant counterparts rate music as more intensely pleasant and unpleasant, associated with greater changes in blood pressure. Music appears to have an especially strong influence on pregnant women, a fact that may relate to a prenatal conditioning of the fetus to music.

 

05/20/2014 - 09:05

Women with diabetes before pregnancy (pre-gestational diabetes) are less likely than non-diabetic women to initiate breast-feeding of their babies. Meanwhile, women who develop diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) are less likely to continue breast-feeding having initiated it than non-diabetic women. These are the main findings of an article in the journal Public Health Nutrition from a research team in Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Ohio State University and West Virginia University.

 

05/01/2014 - 11:00

New research reveals how environmental factors in the womb can predispose not only the mother's own offspring but also the grandoffspring to metabolic disorders like liver disease. Researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Cell Metabolism found for pregnant mice that are malnourished—experiencing a 50% caloric restriction during the last week of pregnancy—that their offspring are at first growth restricted and have low birth weight but then go on to become obese and diabetic as they age. Strikingly, in a domino effect, the offspring of the growth-restricted males also inherit the predisposition to metabolic abnormalities.

 

04/25/2014 - 11:43

Immigrant women from Sub-Saharan Africa and from some Latin American or Caribbean groups are at a higher risk of pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia than immigrants from Western Europe. Immigrants from Europe and East Asia, however, are at lower risk than native-born women. Disparity in risk between Western European immigrants and higher risk immigrants varies between receiving countries. These are the main findings of a multi-national study carried out by researchers from six high-immigration countries- Canada, the USA, Denmark, Sweden, Spain and Australia-published in the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

 

04/16/2014 - 11:18

Pregnant women with chronic hypertension (high blood pressure) are highly likely to suffer from adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm delivery, low birth weight and neonatal death, which emphasises a need for heightened surveillance, according to research carried out at King’s College London and published today in BMJ.